Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Sastras

Sruti Sastras
Atharva Veda
Sama Veda

Purusa Bodini Upanisad
Gopal Tapani Upanishad
Mundaka Upanishad
Svetesvara Upanishad
Krsno Upanishad
Chandogya Upanishad

Smriti Sastras

Narada Pancaratra

Puranas

18 puranas
Bhagavata Purana
Narada Purana
Agni purana
Bhavisya purana
Brahma purana
Garuda purana
Kurma purana
markendeya purana
matsya purana
Padma purana
Varaha Purana
Vamana Purana
Brahma Vaivarta Purana

Skanda Purana

Other Puranas

Adi Purana
Visnu Purana
Vayu Purana I
Nrsimha purana
Brhad naradiya purana

Samhitas
Narayana samhita
Ananta samhita
Garga Samhita

Itihasas
Mahabharata

Tantras
Brahma Yamala
Brahma Rahasya

Krishna Yamala
Urdvamanya Tantra
Kapila Tantra
Visvasara Tantra
Kularnava Tantra
Visnu Yamala
Yoga Vasista
Sammohana Tantra
Brhad Brahma Yamala

Recently Found 
Chaitanyo Upanishad
Vayu Purana II

Personalities
Sripada Madhvacarya
Sripada Ramanujacarya

Conclusion


Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu begins Sankirtana in Navadvipa

Introduction

Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu [1486 – 1534] was a great social reformer in the contemproary history. He is the founder of the Sankirtana movement. He established that the Harinama Sankirtana as the yuga dharma for the age of Kali. He traveled extensively and induced whomever he met to chant the Hare Krishna Mahamantra,

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

According to various scriptures of Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya-Sampradaya he is considered to be an incarnation of the Supreme personality of Godhead Sri Krishna

Sri Krishna
Sri Krishna is the avatari or the original source of all incarnations of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Lord Krishna is the fountainhead of all incarnations as described in Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28

ete camsa-kalä pumsah
krsnas tu bhagavän svayam
indräri-vyäkulam lokam
mrdayanti yuge yuge

“All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Kåñëa is the original Personality of Godhead. All of them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.”
This is also confirmed in Sri Brahma Samhita 5.46

dipärcir eva hi dasäntaram abhyupetya
dipäyate vivrta-hetu-samäna-dharmä
yas tädrag eva hi ca visñutayä vibhäti
govindam ädi-purusàm tam aham bhajämi

“The light of one lamp being communicated to other lamps, although it burns separately in them, is the same in its quality. I adore the primeval Lord Govinda who exhibits Himself equally in the same mobile manner in His various manifestations.”

And Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu or Sri Krishna Caitanya is non different from Lord Krishna and he advented in the first sandhya of Kali Yuga to inaugurate the yuga dharma the Harinama Sankirtana. It may be surprising for many to know this and wonder how come they never knew such an important fact. We will look at the reasons at the end of this paper.

It is confirmed throughout all the gaudiya vaishnava literatures about the divinity of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. The crest jewel of all the gaudiya scriptures being Sri Caitanya Caritramrta by Krishnadasa Kaviraj Goswami starts with,

yad advaitam brahmopanisñadi tad apy asya tanu-bhä
ya ätmäntaryämi puruña iti so ’syämsa-vibhava
sad-aisvaryaih pürno ya iha bhagavän sa svayam ayam
na caitanyät krsnäj jagati para-tattvam param iha

“What the Upanishads describe as the impersonal Brahman is but the effulgence of His body, and the Lord known as the Supersoul is but His localized plenary portion. Lord Caitanya is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna Himself, full with six opulences. He is the Absolute Truth, and no other truth is greater than or equal to Him.” - TheAdi Lila[1.1.3]

Apart from documented evidences from the scriptures, Sri Caitanya Mahaparabhu performed many pastimes which can only prove him to be non different from Sri Krishna.

Predictions

There are many evidences from Vedic scriptures to prove the divinity of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. First we will present sastric evidences from sruti, followed by evidences from the Puranas, Pancharatras and other Vedic literatures.

Srutis (Vedas and Upanisads) about Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu

[1] atharva-vede (Third Kanda, Brahma-vibhaga)

(i) ito 'ham krta-sannyaso 'vatarisyami sa-guno nirvedo niskamo bhu-girbanas tira-stho 'lakanandayah kalau catuh-sahasrabdhopari panca-sahasrabhyantare gaura-varno dirghangah sarva-laksana-yukta isvara-prarthito nija-rasasvado bhakta-rupo misrakhyo vidita-yogah syam.

In the Atharva Veda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself says:

"Towards the end of the period between four-thousand to five-thousand years in Kali-yuga, I will descend on the earth as a golden-complexioned saintly brahmana in a place by the Ganges' shore and later become the crest-jewel of all sannyasis, exhibiting all My transcendental qualities including supreme renunciation and complete detachment from material desires. I will display all the thirty-two bodily symptoms of a great personality with my arms extending to my knees. I will become my own devotee, very advanced in bhakti-yoga and teach the worship of Lord Krsna (Myself) by the chanting of My own holy names and relishing the mellows of My own devotional service. At that time only My most confidential devotees will be able to understand Me."

atharva-vede (second khanda, third prapathaka, fourth anuvak, fifth mantra)

(ii) "visvambhara visvena ma bharasa pahi svaha."

"O Lord Visvambhara, the upholder of the universe, please preserve me by sustaining the universe."

[2] atharva-veda-purusa-bodiny-upanisadi (6th Prapathaka)

saptame gaura-varna-visnor ity anena sva-saktya caikyam etya prante pratar avatirya saha dvaih svam anusiksayati.

In the Purusa-bodini Upanisad- Atharva-veda it is said:

"In the seventh manvantara (Vaivasvata Manu), the Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Gaura-Visnu will accept a golden complexion due to attaining oneness with His pleasure potency Srimati Radhika and descend on this earth with all His multifarious potencies in the beginning of the Kali-yuga of the twenty-eighth catur-yuga, accompanied by His own eternal associates to teach the chanting of His own holy names in the form of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra."

[3] gopala-tapany-upanisadi (Uttara-vibhaga 63)

hiranmayam saumya-tanum sva bhaktayabhaya-pradam
dhyayen manasi mam nityam venu-srnga dharam tu va

In the Gopala-tapani Upanisad it is said:

"Let my mind constantly meditate on the most gentle, grave and pure Supreme Personality of Godhead who has a complexion of molten gold, who carries a bamboo rod (sannyasa rod) and who bestows fearlessness upon His devotees."

[4] krsnopanisadi

sa eva bhagavan yuge turiye 'pi brahma-kule jayamanah sarva upanisadah uddidirsuh sarvani dharma-sastrani vistarayisnuh sarvan api janan santarayisnuh sarvan api vaisnavan dharman vijrmbhayan sarvan api pasandan nicakhana.

In the Krsna Upanisad it is said:

"In Kali-yuga (the fourth yuga), the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Krsna Himself will appear in a brahmana family with the purpose of teaching the message of all the 108 Upanisads and expanding the conclusions of all the dharma-sastras. He will deliver all the living entities in the universe from the cycle of birth and death by manifesting the pure principles of Vaisnava dharma and He will simultaneously subdue all the atheists and offenders."

[5] mundakopanisadi

(i) yada pasyah pasyate rukma-varnam
kartaram isam purusam brahma-yonim
tada vidvan punya-pape vidhuya
niranjanah paramam samyam upaiti

In the Mundaka Upanisad (3.1.3) it is said:

"One who is fortunate enough to see that actual object of our vision, the golden-colored Personality of Godhead, the Supreme Lord Gaura who is the ultimate doer, controller and enjoyer of everything and the source of the brahmajyoti (or one who has descended in a brahmana family), immediately becomes the most learned person, free from all material peity, sin, contamination and designations and effortlessly attains the supreme liberation of entering the abode of the Lord."

(ii) hiranmaye pare kose
virajam brahma niskalam
tac chubhram jyotisam jyotis
tad yad atma-vido viduh

They who actually know the self, know that the supremely effulgent Personality of Godhead, the source of all other splendors, resides in a pure, splendid and transcendental realm which appears golden due to being illuminated by His own golden bodily complexion.

(iii) sa evaitat paramam brahma-dhama
yatra visvam nihitam bhati subhram
upasate purusam ye hy akamas
te sukram etad ativartanti dhirah

The sober persons who becoming free for all material desires, worship that golden Supreme Personality of Godhead (Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu), who resides in His topmost effulgent spiritual abode, easily cross over this material world of repeated birth and death.

[6] sama-vede

tathaham kata-sannyaso bhu-girbano 'vatarirye tire 'lakanandayah punah punar isvara-prarthitah sa-parivaro niralambo nirdhuteh kali-kalmasa-kavalita-janavalambanaya.

In the Sama Veda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself says:

"To rescue the helpless people who are being devoured by the sins of Kali-yuga, I will descend to the earth in a saintly brahmana family residing on the shores of the Ganges accompanied by My eternal associates. I will then become an avadhuta-sannyasi and I will teach everyone the process of worshipping Me by the incessant chanting of My own holy names."

[7] svetasvataropanisadi (3.12)

mahan prabhur vai purusah sattvasyaisa pravartakah
su-nirmalam imam praptim isano jyotir avyayah

In the Svetasvatara Upanisad it is said:

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead who is supreme enjoyer is indeed Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who promulgates the transcendental platform of pure goodness through the process of hari-nama-sankirtana. This Supreme Lord is the source of all spiritual purity. Just to be in touch with Him is to be in contact with the indestructible brahmajyoti."

[8] chandogyopanisadi (Eighth Chapter)

harih om. atha yad idam asmin brahmapure daharam pundarikam vesma daharo 'sminn antarakasas tasmin yad-antas tad anvestavyam tad vava vijijnasitavyam iti.

In the Chandogya Upanisad 8.1.1, Navadvipa (the abode of Lord Caitanya) is hinted as the city of Brahmapura:

Hari. Om. In the very heart of this spiritual city (brahmapura) is a lotus abode (vesma). The internal part of that abode should be sought. This is the part one should desire to understand.

[Comment: The verse is furthur explained by Thakura Bhaktivinoda as follows:

atra brahma-puram nama pundarikam yad ucyate
tad evasta-dalam padma-sannibham puram adbhutam

In the Chandogya Upanisad, that place is a transcendental spiritual city (brahmapura) which is surrounded by a wonderful eight-petal lotus flower where each petal represents an island."

tan-madhye daharam saksat mayapuram itiryate
tatra vesma bhagavatas caitanyasya paratmanah
tasmin yas tv antarakaso hy antar-dvipah sa ucyate

In the center of that eight-petalled lotus-city is the ninth island (whorl of the lotus) called Antardvipa, and in the heart of Antardvipa is Sridhama Mayapur (Yogapitha), which is directly the abode of Lord Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.]

[9] atharva-veda- sri-caitanyopanisadi

The most important Sri Caitanya Upanisad-Atharva Veda comprises of the following 19 verses:

SRI CAITANYA UPANISAD

(i) atha pippaladah samit-panir bhagavantam brahmanam upasanno. bhagavan me subham kim atra caksasveti.

Carrying firewood in his hands, Pippalada humbly approached his supremely powerful father, Lord Brahma, and asked: "O my Lord, please instruct me on how I may attain an auspicious life."

(ii) sa hovaca.
bhuya eva tapasa brahmacaryena sasvad ramasva mano vaseti.

Lord Brahma replied: "Be satisfied by always remaining celibate and performing austerities and very carefully control the activities of the mind."

(iii) sa tatha bhutva bhuya enam upasadyaha.
bhagavan kalau papac channah prajah katham mucyerann iti.

Pippalada followed these instructions, and after having become pure in his own heart and mind, he again approached his father and asked: "O my Lord, please tell me how the living entities in Kali-yuga, who are completely covered by sin, may be delivered."

(iv) ko va devata ko va mantro bruhiti.

"Which form of the Lord should be the object of their worship, and what mantra should they chant in order to become delivered? Kindly inform me."

(v) sa hovaca rahasyam te vadisyami.
jahnavi-tire navadvipe golokakhye dhamni govindo dvi-bhujo gaurah sarvatma maha-puruso mahatma maha-yogi tri-gunatitah sattva-rupo bhaktim loke kasyatiti. tad ete sloka bhavanti.

Lord Brahma replied: "Listen carefully, for I shall give you a very confidential description of what will happen in the Kali-yuga. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda who is the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of all living entities, who is the Supreme Absolute Truth, the master of all mystics and the supreme enjoyer, who is beyond the touch of the three modes of material nature and whose form is transcendental, will appear again in the Kali age. Appearing as His own greatest devotee, the Lord will assume a two-armed form with a golden complexion in His abode of Goloka Vrndavana manifested on the bank of the Ganges at Navadvipa, West Bengal. He will disseminate pure devotional service in the whole world. I will now describe this incarnation of the Lord in the following verses."

(vi) eko devah sarva-rupi mahatma
gauro rakta-syamalah-sveta-rupah
caitanyatma sa vai caitanya-saktir
bhaktakaro bhakti-do bhakti-vedyah

"The one Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appears in innumerable transcendental forms, is the master of all transcendental potencies. That same Lord who previously appeared with white, red, and black complexions, will appear as Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Kali-yuga in a golden form. He will assume the role of a perfect devotee and He will freely distribute pure devotional service to the conditioned souls. But He will be known only by those who are surrendered to Him."

(vii) namo vedanta-vedyaya, krsnaya paramatmane;
sarva-caitanya-rupaya, caitanyaya namo namah.

"I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Sri Krsna, the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of all living entities, who is understood by the study of Vedanta philosophy. He appears as Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the supremely conscious person."

(viii) vedanta-vedyam purusam puranam
caitanyatmanam visva-yonim mahantam
tam eva viditvati-mrtyum eti
nanyah pantha vidyate 'yanaya

"One who understands that Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is known by the study of Vedanta philosophy, who is the original cause of unlimited universes, and who is the oldest, the original person, crosses beyond this world of birth and death. This is the proper understanding about Lord Caitanya, and aside from this there is no other way for one to achieve liberation."

(ix) sva-nama-mula-mantrena, sarvam hladayati vibhuh.

"Appearing in this golden form, the unlimited and all-powerful Supreme Lord will fill the entire universe with transcendental bliss by the congregational chanting of the maha-mantra which consists of His own holy names."

(x) dve sakti parame tasya, hladini samvid eva ca iti.

"In this way the Supreme Lord will manifest two of His transcendental potencies-His hladini-sakti (the potency of transcendental bliss) and samvit-sakti (the potency of transcendental knowledge)."

(xi) sa eva mula-mantram japati, harir iti krsna iti rama iti.

"The Supreme Lord will chant a mantra consisting of His own names Hari, Krsna, and Rama (the maha-mantra: Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare).

(xii) harati hrdaya-granthim vasana-rupam iti harih.
krsih smarane tac ca nas tad-ubhaya-melanam iti krsnah.
ramayati sarvam iti rama ananda-rupah. atra sloko bhavati.

"These three seed names of the maha-mantra of the Supreme Lord (Hari, Krsna, and Rama) may be explained in the following way: {1} 'Hari' means He who removes (harati) the knot of material desire in the hearts of the living entities; {2} 'Krsna' is composed of the two syllables 'krs' and 'na'. 'Krs' means He who attracts the minds of all living entities, and 'na' means the supreme transcendental pleasure; and {3} 'Rama' means He who is the personification of all transcendental bliss.

(xiii) mantro guhyah paramo bhakti-vedyah.

"The maha-mantra is the topmost and most confidential of all mantras. It can only be understood when one engages in the pure devotional service of the Supreme Lord."

(xiv) namany astav-asta ca sobhanani, tani nityam ye japanti dhiras. te vai mayam atitaranti, nanyah paramam-mantram parama-rahasyam nityam avartayati.

"Those who seriously desire to make progress in spiritual life should continually chant these sixteen beautiful names (maha-mantra) of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and in this way they will cross beyond the bondage of the illusory enery in this material world. There is no other mantra which is as powerful as this supremely great and most confidential of all mantras, which has directly descended from the spiritual world."

(xv) caitanya eva sankarsano vasudevah, paramesthi rudrah sarko brhaspatih sarve devah sarvani bhutani, sthavarani carani ca, yat kincit sad-asat-karanam sarvam. tad atra slokah.

"Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead who appears as Lord Sankarsana and Lord Vasudeva. He is the original father of Lord Brahma, Siva, Indra, Brhaspati, all the demigods, and all moving and non-moving living entities. He is the original cause of all that is temporary and all that is eternal. Nothing exists separately from Him, and therefore He is everything. He is furthur described in the following verses."

(xvi) yat kincid asad bhunkte, ksaram tat karyam ucyate.

"The material world (ksara) which the living entities (souls) try to enjoy, is the illusory and temporary manifested effect."

(xvii) sat karanam param jivas, tad aksaram itiritam.

"The living entities (aksara) are eternal infinitesimal parts of the Lord and thus transcendental to this material world."

(xviii) ksaraksarabhyam paramah, sa eva purusottamah;
caitanyakhyam param tattvam, sarva-karana-karanam.

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, however, is superior to both the temporary material energy (effect) and the eternal living entities (cause). He is the Supreme Person, the Absolute Truth and the original cause of all causes. He is thus the cause of both the living entities and the material world."

(xix) ya enam rasayati bhajati dhyayati, sa papmanam tarati, sa puto bhavati, sa tattvam janati, sa tarati sokam, gatis tasyaste nanyasyeti.

"One who cultivates a relationship with the Supreme Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and in this way always worships and remembers Him with devotion becomes free from all sins and completely pure. Easily understanding the truth about the Lord and becoming free from all material lamentation, such a devotee attains the supreme goal of life, which is unattainable by those averse to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu."

Smrtis (Puranas, Samhitas, Itihasas, Tantras etc.) about Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu

narada-pancaratre

(1) bhakti-priyo bhakti-data, damodara ibhas-patih;
indra-darpa-haro 'nanto, nityananda-cid-atmakah.

In the Narada-pancaratra, Bala-Krsna-sahasra-nama-stotra, it is said:

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead is known by the names Bhakti-priya, Bhakti-data, Damodara, Ibhas-pati, Indra-darpa-hara, Ananta, Nityananda, Cid-atmaka,. . ."

(2) caitanya-rupas caitanyas, cetana-guna-varjitah;
advaitacara-nipuno, 'dvaitah parama-nayakah.

" . . . Caitanya-rupa, Caitanya, Cetana, Guna-varjita, Advaitacara-nipuna, Advaita, Parama-nayaka, . . ."

(3) nilah svetah sitah krsno, gaurah pitambara-cchadah
saci-suta-jaya-pradah

" . . . Nila, Sveta, Sita, Krsna, Gaura, Pitambara-cchada, Saci-suta, and Jaya-prada."

(4) krsna-prema prema-bhakta, hari-bhakti-pradayini;
caitanya-rupa caitanya-priya caitanya-rupini.

In the Narada-pancaratra, Radha-sahasra-nama-stotra (140), it is said:

"Srimati Radharani possesses pure love for Lord Krsna and thus She is the giver of pure devotion to Lord Krsna. She combines with Lord Krsna in the form of Lord Caitanya."

(5)caitanya bhuto jivanam, yata caitanya varjitah
jadi bhuta bhavantiha, caitanyastu that smrtah.

"The Lord is also known as Sri Caitanya because He is present as the Supersoul (supreme consciousness) in the hearts of all living entities. In His absence, everything is simply dull matter."

srimad-bhagavata-mahapurane

(1) krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam, sangopangastra-parsadam;
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair, yajanti hi su-medhasah.

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32) Karabhajana Muni speaks to Videharaja Nimi:

"In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead (Lord Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu), who constantly sings the name of Krsna. Although His complexion is not blackish (but is like molten gold), He is Krsna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions."

(2) dhyeyam sada paribhava-ghnam abhista-doham
tirthaspadam siva-virinci-nutam saranyam
bhrtyarti-ham pranata-pala-bhavabdhi-potam
vande maha-purusa te caranaravindam

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.33) it is said:

"We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Him, the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He destroys insults to His devotees. He removes the distresses of His devotees and satisfies their desires. He, the abode of all holy places and the shelter of all sages, is worshipable by Lord Siva and Lord Brahma. He is the boat of the demigods for crossing the ocean of birth and death."*

(4)tyaktva sudustyaja-surepsita-rajya-laksmim
dharmistha arya-vacasa yad agad aranyam
maya-mrgam dayitayepsitam anvadhavad
vande maha-purusa te caranaravindam

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.34) it is said:

"We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He left His householder life (apparently due to the curse of a brahmana), leaving aside His eternal consort (Srimati Visnupriya Devi), whom even the denizens of heaven adore. He went into the forest to deliver the fallen souls, who are put into illusion by material energy."*

(5) ittham nr-tiryag-rsi-deva jhasavatarair
lokan vibhavayasi hamsi jagat-pratipan
dharmam maha-purusa pasi yuganuvrttam
channah kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo 'tha sa tvam

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (7.9.38) Sri Prahlada Maharaja states:

"My Lord, You kill all the enemies of the world in Your multifarious incarnations in the families of men, animals, demigods, rsis, aquatics and so on. Thus You illuminate the worlds with transcendental knowledge. In the Age of Kali, O Mahapurusa, You sometimes appear in a covered incarnation. Therefore You are known as Tri-yuga [one who appears in only three yugas]."*

 (7) asan varnas trayo hy asya, grhnato 'nuyugam tanuh;
suklo raktas tatha pita, idanim krsnatam gatah.

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.13) Sri Gargamuni tells Nanada Maharaja:

"Your son Krsna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He assumed three different colors-white, red and yellow-and now He has appeared in a blackish color."*

adi-purane narada-purane ca

aham eva dvija-srestho, nityam pracchanna-vigrahah;
bhagavad-bhakta-rupena, lokam raksami sarvada.

In the Adi Purana and the Narada Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"Concealing My true identity during My pastimes, I will assume the form of the topmost brahmana devotee of the Lord. In this form I will always protect all the living entities in this world."

brhan-naradiya purane (5.35)

(1) aham eva kalau vipra, nityam pracchanna-vigrahah;
bhagavad-bhakta-rupena, lokan raksami sarvada.

In the Brhan-naradiya Purana, the Supreme Lord says:

"In Kali-yuga, concealing My true identity during My pastimes, I will assume the form of the topmost brahmana devotee of the Lord. In this form I will always protect all the living entities in this world."

(2) divija bhuvi jayadhvam, jayadhvam bhakta-rupinah;
kalau sankirtanarambhe, bhavisyami saci-sutah.

"Therefore my dear demigods, please take birth as devotees on the earth in Kali-yuga. I will then appear as the son of Saci in Kali-yuga and taking all of you along with Me I will inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement."

kurma-purane

kalina dahyamananam, uddharaya tanu-bhrtam;
janma prathama-sandhyayam, bhavisyati dvijalaye.

In the Kurma Purana it is said:

"For the ultimate deliverance of the conditioned souls burning in the sinful atmosphere of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will take birth in a brahmana's home in the first sandhya (few thousand years in the beginning) of that age."

garuda-purane

(1) kalina dahyamananam, paritranaya tanu-bhrtam;
janma prathama-sandhyayam, karisyami dvijatisu.

In the Garuda Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

"For the upliftment of the conditioned souls burning in the sinful atmosphere of Kali-yuga, I will take birth among the brahmanas in the first sandhya of that age."

(2) aham purno bhavisyami, yuga-sandhau visesatah;
mayapure navadvipe, bhavisyami saci-sutah.

"In My original spiritual form which is the source of all the incarnations, I will descend as the transcendental son of Srimati Sacidevi in Navadvipa-Mayapura at the beginning of Kali-yuga."

(3) kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, laksmi-kanto bhavisyati;
daru-brahma-samipa-sthah, sannyasi gaura-vigrahah.

"In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will descend first as the husband of the goddess of fortune, Srimati Laksmidevi, and then He will reside near Lord Jagannatha at Purusottama-ksetra (Nilacala) Puri, in the form of a golden sannyasi."

(4) yad gopi-kuca-kumbha-sambhrama-bhararambhena samvardhitah
yad va gopa-kumara-sara-kalaya range subhandi-krtam
yad vrndavana-kanane pravilasac chridama-damadibhis
tat prema-prakatam cakara bhagavan caitanya-rupah prabhuh

In the Garuda Purana it is said:

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Sri Krsna, whose eyes glanced at the gopis with increasing agitation due to pure love, who enjoyed most auspicious and glorious playful pastimes with Sridama, Dama and His other cowherd boyfriends in the divine Vrndavana forest, will appear again to this world to reveal and freely distribute that same pure spiritual love. At that time His name will be Sri Caitanya."

(5) yo reme saha-ballavi ramayate vrndavane 'har-nisam
yah kamsam nijaghana kaurava-rane yah pandavanam sakha
so 'yam vainava-danda-mandita-bhujah sannyasa-vesah svayam
nihsandeham upagatah ksiti-tale caitanya-rupah prabhuh

"There is absolutely no doubt that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who enjoyed transcendental pastimes with the gopis, who filled the residents of Vrndavana with divine happiness day and night, who killed Kamsa, the enemy of His devotees and who in the war between the Kauravas and Pandavas, made friendship with His devotees, the Pandavas, will come again to this earth. He will assume the form of a paramhamsa sannyasi with His arm decorated with a bamboo danda and His name will be Sri Caitanya."

(6) sadhavah kali-kale tu, tyaktvanya-tirtha-sevanam;
vrndaranye 'thava ksetre, nava-khande vasanti va.

"In the age of Kali the devotees will abandon the service of other holy places and live in either Navadvipa or Vrndavana."

nrsimha-purane

satye daitya-kuladhi-nasa-samaye simhordhva-martyakrtis
tretayam dasa-kandharam paribhavan rameti namakrtih
gopalan paripalayan vraja-pure bharam haran dvapare
gaurangah priya-kirtanah kali-yuge caitanya-nama prabhuh

In the Nrsimha Purana it is said:

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appeared in Satya-yuga as Lord Nrsimhadeva in the form of half-man and half-lion to destroy Hiranyakasipu, the king of the demons, and who appeared in Treta-yuga as Lord Ramacandra to kill the great ten-headed demon Ravana, and who appeared in the Dvapara-yuga for protecting and maintaining the cowherd men and women of Vrndavana and removing the burden of the earth, will appear again in the Kali-yuga in a golden form. He will fully relish the chanting of His own holy names and His name will be Lord Caitanya."

padma-purane

(1) yatra yogesvarah saksad, yogi-cintyo janardanah;
caitanya-vapur aste vai, sandranandatmakah prabhuh.

In the Padma Purana it is said:

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is master of all mystic power, who is the object of the yogis' meditation, who vanquishes the distress of His devotees, will appear in His transcendental form with the name Sri Caitanya, and in this form He will always remain absorbed in intense spiritual bliss."

(2) kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;
bhagirathi-tate ramye, bhavisyami saci-sutah.

In the Padma Purana, the Supreme Lord affirms:

"In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear as Gauranga on the earth in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges. I will become the son of Sacidevi and My complexion will be golden."

brahma-purane

(1) kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;
bhagirathi-tate bhumni, bhavisyami sanatanah.

In the Brahma Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

"In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear as Gauranga on the earth in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges. I will descend in My original eternal form and My complexion will be golden."

brahma-purane-utkala-khande

(2) This is a conversation between Lord Visnu and Goddess Katyayani in the Brahma Purana, Utkala-khanda.

"Hearing Lord Narayana's words, Goddess Katyayani said: 'If in Your heart You are indeed merciful to me, then You must give me Your maha-prasadam remnants. Then every living entity in the world will eat that maha-prasadam. Everyone in the three worlds will easily attain that prasadam.' Decorated with the jewels of all virtues, Lord Narayana said, 'I will keep My vow. I will tell you an ancient secret, a secret that will destroy all fears of the flames of repeated birth and death. No one knows this secret. When, using Mount Mandara as the churning rod and the serpent Ananta as the rope, the demigods churned the milk ocean, the kalpa-vrksa tree was born from the friction of the churning. The kalpa-vrksa grants every desire anyone may ask, every desire in the heart. Whatever opulence a person requests, it grants. It does not turn its face from any request. The kalpa-vrksa tree, which is the glorious, effulgent, and beautiful king of trees, comes from the form of Lord Sri Caitanya. It is My own form. It is the king of mercy. It has no equal. I will descend to the earth as Sri Caitanya. I will become a sannyasi. I will enjoy many pastimes. I, the master of the three worlds, will stay on the earth and mercifully preach the truth. Manifesting a humanlike form, I will preach the sankirtana movement in Kali-yuga. My form will be splendid like gold. I will keep My vow. I will preach the highest spiritual love. Now I have revealed My heart to you. Please keep that secret hidden in your heart also. In Kali-yuga I will come as Lord Gaura, the best of incarnations, and with My own glories I will deliver the world.'"

bhavisya-purane

(1) anandasru-kala-roma-harsa-purnam tapo-dhana
sarve mam eva draksyanti kalau sannyasa-rupinam

In the Bhavisya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"O sage, in Kali-yuga everyone will be very fortunate to see Me in My form as a sannyasi, with tears of bliss constantly flowing from My eyes and My bodily hairs standing erect in ecstasy. I will also exhibit the great wealth of austerity."

(2) ajayadhvam ajayadhvam, ajayadhvam na samsayah;
kalau sankirtanarambhe, bhavisyami saci-sutah.

In the Bhavisya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"I shall appear. I shall appear. I shall appear in Kali-yuga. Of this there is no doubt. In the age of Kali, I shall descend as the son of Sacidevi to inaugurate the sankirtana movement for the deliverance of all living entities."

(3) In the Pratisarga part of the Bhavisya Purana, Chapter 20, verses 71-73:

"Lord Jagannatha, the Supreme Lord Hari Himself, spoke these attractive words for the welfare of all: 'Both the mlecchas who are born from mixed countries ruled by descendants of Kasyapa (demons) and the sudras, will become brahmanas by initiation. They will wear sikha (tuft of hair on the back side of the head) and brahmana threads and will become well-versed in the uncontaminated fruit of the Vedas (Srimad-Bhagavatam). They will worship Me by the sankirtana-yajna prescribed by the Lord of Lords, the protector of Sacidevi (Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu).'''

agni-purane

prasantatma lamba-kanthas, gaurangas ca suravrtah

In the Agni Purana it is said:

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gauranga will appear in a golden form with a graceful long neck and a peaceful heart, surrounded by His saintly devotees."


matsya-purane

mundo gaurah su-dirghangas, tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah;
dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavisyami kalau yuge.

In the Matsya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"In the Kali-yuga I will appear in a place (Navadvipa) where the three rivers meet (Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati). I will be fair with a shaven head and will have five large bodily parts (nose, arms, chin, eyes and knees). I will be very merciful and enchanted by the chanting of My own holy names."

vayu-purane*

(1) paurnamasyam phalgunasya, phalguni-rksa-yogatah;
bhavisye gaura-rupena, saci-garbhe purandarat.

In the Vayu Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"On the most auspicious evening on the day of Purnima (full moon) in the month of Phalguna (February 18, 1486 A.D.), I will appear in a golden form begotten by Sri Jagannatha Misra in Sacidevi's womb."

(2) suddho gaurah su-dirghango, ganga-tira-samudbhavah;
dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavisyami kalau yuge.

"In the Kali-yuga I will appear in a place (Navadvipa) on the shores of the Ganges. I will be pure and fair and will have five large bodily parts (nose, arms, chin, eyes and knees). I will be very merciful and enchanted by the chanting of My own holy names."

*Full passage from Vayu Purana will follow later.

markandeya-purane

golokam ca parityajya, lokanam trana-karanat;
kalau gauranga-rupena, lila-lavanya-vigrahah.

In the Markandeya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"In the Kali-yuga I will give up My own eternal abode Goloka Vrndavana, and I will assume the form of the most handsome and playful Lord Gauranga to rescue all the living entities in the universe."

varaha-purane

aham eva dvija-srestho, lila-pracurya-vigrahah;
bhagavad-bhakta-rupena, lokan raksami sarvada.

In the Varaha Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"I will appear in the form of a topmost brahmana and a great devotee of Lord Krsna. At that time I will be the embodiment of unlimited transcendental pastimes, which will be manifested for the protection of all living entities."

vamana-purane

kali-ghora-tamas-channat, sarvan acara-varjitan;
saci-garbhe ca sambhuya, tarayisyami narada.

In the Vamana Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"O Narada, in the dense darkness of Kali-yuga arising due to ignorance and indulgence in prohibited activities, I will take birth in Srimati Sacidevi's (mother of the universe) womb and deliver the most sinful people from their miserable situation."
upa-purane

aham eva kvacid brahman, sannyasasritam asritah;
hari-bhaktim grahayami, kalau papa-hatan naran.

In the Upapuranas, the Supreme Lord Sri Krsna speaks to Vyasadeva:

"O learned brahmana, sometimes I accept the renounced order of life to induce the fallen people of the age of Kali to accept devotional service to the Lord."*

visnu-purane

nihsvadhyaya-vasat-karo, svadha-svaha-vivarjite;
tatah pravir asau viprah, kvacil loke bhavisyati.

In the Visnu Purana it is said:
"When there will be no study of Vedic literatures and no sacrifices with the chanting of vasat-kara, svadha, and svaha in Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in form of a brahmana."

skanda-purane

antah krsno bahir gaurah, sangopangastra-parsadah;
saci-garbhe samapnuyam, maya-manusa-karma-krt.

In the Skanda Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

"Outwardly of a fair complexion, but inwardly Krsna, I will take birth in Sacidevi's womb, accompanied by My associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions. Due to influence of My illusory energy, atheistic people will consider Me an ordinary human being."

brahma-vaivarta purane

(1) sri bhagavan uvaca
kaleh panca sahasrani, varsani tistha bhutale;
papani papino yanti, tubhyam dasyanti snanatah.

In the Brahma-vaivarta Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead said:

"On the earth 5,000 years of Kali will be very sinful and siners will come and deposit their sins in you (Ganges) by bathing."

(2) man-mantropasaka sparsad, bhasmi bhutani tat ksanat;
bhavisyanti darsanac ca, snana deva hi jahnavi.

"Thereafter simply by the sight or touch of One who will worship Me by My mantra*, all those sins will be burnt at once."

(* Here Lord Krsna is indicating His own concealed incarnation in the form of Lord Caitanya in Kali-yuga, when He will appear as His own upasaka for the purpose of teaching devotional service to everyone by the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra.)

A Passage From the Vayu Purana

(1)sri-satananda uvaca

bruhi tata krpa-sindho, bhaktanugraha-katara;
paritranaya lokanam, hetum kalmasa-cetasam.

Sri Satananda said: "O father, O ocean of mercy, you are always eager to bestow your compassion on the devotees and protect the common people. Please tell me the reason why the hearts of the people are contaminated in Kali-yuga.

(2) na tapas ca na cejya ca, na dhyanam jnanam avyayam;
na danam sattva-samyuktam, kalau na dirgha-jivanam.

"In Kali-yuga there is no austerity, worship, meditation, eternal knowledge, charity, truth, or long life.

(3) kenopayena nistaro, bhavisyati kalau yuge.

"By what means will the people be delivered in Kali-yuga?"
(4) sri-gautama uvaca

sadhu prstam tvaya putra, guhyad guhyatamam mama;
samahita-mana bhutva, srnu tat paramadbhutam.

Sri Gautama Muni said: "My son, your question is very auspicious. Please hear very attentively a wonderful answer, an answer that is the most secret of all secrets.

(5) etad guhyatamam vakyam, brahma loka-pitamahah;
vaikuntham nagaram gatva, sendrair deva-ganaih saha;
vakta sri-loka-natham vai, karunamaya-vigraham.

"Accompanied by Indra and the demigods, Lord Brahma, the grandfather of all living entities, went to the city of Vaikuntha in this universe and spoke these confidential words to Lord Narayana, who has the most merciful form and is the master of the worlds."

(6) sri-satananda uvaca

katham vai brahmana tata, prstah sri-purusottamah;
karanam tatra va kim vai, kathyatam muni-pungava.

Sri Satananda said: "What did Lord Brahma inquire from the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Purusottama? O best of sages, please also tell me the reason for this inquiry."

(7) sri-gautama uvaca

srnu putra prayatnena, kalau kalmasa-samjnake;
sarve papa-rata lokas, canda mithya-vivadinah.

Sri Gautama Muni said: "O son, please listen with great attention. In the greatly contaminated Kali-yuga, everyone is engaged in sinful activities. Everyone is passionate, hot-tempered, and a liar.

(8) svadhyayadina rahita, devata-tithi-vancakah;
parasva-lolupah kecit, para-darabhigaminah.

"The people do not worship the demigods, observe the holy days, or study the Vedas. Some are greedy for other's weath and some are interested in other's wives.

(9) iti viksya samudvigna, dharani bhara-sankula;
dhenu-rupa-dhara dina, krpana malinanana.

"Seeing this, the earth-goddess became greatly disturbed with the sinful burden she bore. In this helpless and powerless condition, she assumed the form of a cow with a sorrowful face .

(10) gatva vai brahma-sadanam, rodamana punah punah;
sa-gadgada-vaco bhutva, stutva brahmanam isvaram.

"Then she went to the abode of Lord Brahma. Weeping again and again, with words choked with grief she prayed to him as follows.

(11) sarve kali-mala-grastah, papistha lobha-tat-parah;
maha-pataka-samyukta, deva-dvija-vinindakah.

"'Everyone is in the grip of Kali's contaminating influence. The world is full of sinners, greedy materialists, most abominable class of people and the blasphemers of demigods and brahmanas.

(12) tesam pada-praharena, kampate mamaki tanuh;
tasmat loka-paritranam, prthivyam kena jayate.

"'When these sinful people walk, my body trembles being hit by their feet. Therefore please tell me the means of deliverance of these people on the earth?

(13) tad eva kuru devesa, yena santir bhaven mama;
ity uktvadho-mukhi-bhuya, sthita bhur asurakula.

"'O master of the demigods, please do something to relieve me of my distress so that I can recover my peace of mind.' After speaking in this way, the earth goddess, troubled by the presence of so many demons, lowered her face.

(14) tatah sancintya devesam, brahma loka-pitamahah;
vaikuntha-nagaram gatva, stutva tam purusottamam.

"After thinking for some time, Lord Brahma, the controller of the demigods and the grandfather of the worlds, went to the city of Vaikuntha and offered prayers to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Purusottama as follows.

(15) sri-brahmovaca

jaya krsna jagannatha, jaya vaikuntha-nayaka;
jaya deva krpa-sindho, jaya laksmyah pate prabho.

"Sri Brahma said: 'All glories to Lord Krsna, the master of Vaikuntha and the material world! O ocean of mercy, glory to You! All glories to the husband of Srimati Laksmidevi!

(16) jaya nilambuja-syama, nila-jimuta-saubhaga,
kandarpa-koti-saundarya, jaya srivatsa-lanchana.
"'O Lord dark like a blue lotus, O Lord dark like a monsoon cloud, glory to You! O Lord more handsome than millions of Kamadevas, O Lord marked with Srivatsa, glory to You!

(17) jaya pitambara-dhara, jaya kaustubha-bhusana;
jaya padma-palasaksa, jaya padmanana prabho.

"'All glories to the Lord who is dressed in yellow garments, decorated with the Kaustubha jewel, whose eyes are like lotus petals and whose face is just like a lotus flower!

(18) jaya padma-pada-dvandva, tila-puspa-su-nasika;
jaya natha jagad-bandho, vinatasuta-vahana.

"'All glories to the Lord who possesses lotus like feet, whose graceful nose is like a sesame flower, who is the real friend of the worlds and who is carried by Garuda!

(19) jaya cakra-gada-padma-sankha-hasta catur-bhuja;
jaya padma-dharitribhyam, nisevita-padambuja.

"'All glories to the Lord who holds a disc, club, lotus, and conchshell in His four hands! O Lord whose lotus feet are constantly served by the goddesses Padma and Dharitri, glory to You!'"

(20) sri-gautama uvaca

iti samstuyamano 'pi, sri-krsnah karuna-nidhih;
brahmanam deva-deveso, jagada krpayanvitah.

Sri Gautama Muni said: "After hearing these prayers, Lord Sri Krsna, who is an ocean of mercy mercifully spoke to Brahma, the master of the demigods as follows:

(21) kim vrttam jagati-natha, bruhi kim karavami te;
ity uktva padma-yonis ca, provaca sri-gadagrajam.

"'O master of the universe, how are things with You? Please tell me if I can help you in some way.' Hearing these words, Brahma spoke to Lord Krsna:

(22) sri-brahmovaca

kalau papa-rata lokah, svadhyaya-vidhi-varjitah;
sudra-vrtti-dvijah sudra, brahmana-dvesa-karinah.

"'Sri Brahma said: 'In Kali-yuga the people are continuously engaged in sinful activities . They neither study the Vedas nor do they care to follow the Vedic rules and regulations. The brahmanas act like sudras, and sudras hate the brahmanas.

(23) dvijanam gunato nicah, sudra mantra-pradayinah;
sisnodara-para vipra, vipratve sutra-dharinah.

"'The brahmanas are degraded in character and so the sudras become gurus and give mantras to others. The brahmanas are addicted to pleasing their bellies and genitals and the brahminical status is determined only by wearing a thread.

(24) mahaharah kharva-kaya, alasa manda-buddhayah;
janas tvad-vimukhah sarve, para-dravyabhilasinah.

"'The people are gluttonous, short in stature, lazy, dull-minded, foolish, greedy after others' property, and averse to You.

(25) asat-patha-ratah sarve, agamyagaminas tatha;
tyakta-sva-dharma-karmano, deva-dvija-vinindakah.

"'Everyone follows the path of illusion. They abandon their prescribed occupational duties, commit adultery, and blaspheme the demigods and brahmanas.

(26) iti tad-bhara-magna sa, dharani rudati punah;
tasmal loka-paritranam, prthivyam kena jayate;
tat kurusva jagannatha, dina-durgati-nasana.

"'Greatly troubled by carrying the burden of these sins, the earth-goddess weeps again and again. How will the fallen people of the earth be delivered? O master of the worlds, You are the destroyer of all miserliness and inauspiciousness. Please do something to deliver them.'"

(27) sri-gautama uvaca

iti samjnapito devo, brahmana prabhur acyutah
sa devan aha tad visnur, guhyad guhyatamam vacah

Sri Gautama Muni said: "After Brahma had communicated to the Lord about the problem, Lord Visnu, the infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead, spoke to the demigods in reply words that revealed the most secret of all secrets.

(28) ditija bhuvi jayadhvam, jayadhvam bhakta-rupinah;
kalau sankirtanarambhe, bhavisyami saci-sutah.

"He said: 'O demigods, please go and take birth as devotees on the earth. I will take birth as Sacidevi's son and I will inaugurate the harinama-sankirtana movement.

(29) krte japair mama pritis, tretayam homa-karmabhih;
dvapare paricaryabhih, kalau sankirtanair api.

"'In Satya-yuga I am pleased by japa (meditation), in Treta-yuga by performance of sacrifices and fruitive activities, in Dvapara-yuga by My Deity worship, and in Kali-yuga I am pleased solely by the chanting of My holy names.'

(30) brahmovaca

bruhi me karuna-sindho, kirtanam kim svarupakam;
katham vatra bhagavatah, para pritir bhavisyati.

"The demigod Brahma said: 'O ocean of mercy, please describe to us the nature of this process of loud chanting of Your holy names. How should it be performed so that Your Lordship will be most pleased?'

(31) sri-bhagavan uvaca

srnu brahman pravaksyami, sankirtanam atah param;
samahita-mana bhutva, sarat sarataram hi yat.

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: 'O Brahma, please listen very carefully and I will describe to you the most exalted process of sankirtana, which is the essence of all the essential things.

(32) mrdangaih karatalais ca, svara-bhava-samanvitaih;
raga-raganvitam ganam, yatah syat tulya-kirtanam.

"'Sankirtana is the sweet singing of My holy names with great devotion and attachment, in various musical notes, melodies & modes, accompanied by the music of mrdangas, karatalas, and other musical instruments.

(33) te sabdenocyate radha, na sabdenocyate janah;
teneti sruti-matrena, yathaivardrantarobhavam.

"'When in sankirtana there is the word 'tena', the syllable 'te' means 'Radha', and the syllable 'na' means 'person'. In this way the word 'tena' refers to Me, whose heart has been softened due to love for Radha!

(34) tatha catra bhavisyami, bhaktyanugraha-kamyaya;
sahasraso 'vatara me, gita brahman yuge yuge.

"'O Brahma, as I have described Myself in the Gita, I appear millenium after millenium in My thousands of incarnations, with the sole desire to show favour to My devotees.

(35) bana-margair veda-margai, ripunam tatra sanksayam;
bhaktanam taranam krtva, khyapitam sva-yasah ksitau.

"'Walking either on the path of arrows or the path of the Vedas, I deliver the devotees by destroying their enemies, and establish My glories on the earth by performing exquisite pastimes.

(36) kalau nasta-drsam esa, mat-padyarka udesyati.

"'For they who have become blinded by the influence of Kali-yuga, a verse with My holy names will rise like a glorious sun. This verse is:

(37) hare krsna, hare krsna, krsna krsna hare hare;
hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

"'Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare;
Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.

(38) sakrd dvis trir yatha-sakti, yavaj jivam athapi va;
vyaharan svapaco 'pi syan, mama bhakto na samsayah.

"'Everyone should chant this maha-mantra again and again, either once, twice, thrice or as many times as possible during the day & night, for as long as one lives. By chanting this mantra even the most sinful person who was a dogeater will immediately become My devotee. Of this there is no doubt.

(39) sarva-veda-vido viprah, puranagama-paragah;
na cen mad-bhakta-bhaktas te, dure tisthanti varjitah.

"'Even if they are learned in all the Vedas and even if they have traveled to the farther shore of the Agamas and Puranas, they who are not devotees of My devotees cannot approach Me. They must stay far away from Me and are eternally deprived of My association.

(40) api cet su-duracarah, pukkasah svapaco 'thava;
mad-bhakta-bhakti-krt sa syan, mama kaustubha-sannibhah.

"'Even a barbarian, a dogeater, or a person who has performed most abominable sinful actions will reside near My heart, almost touching My Kaustubha jewel, if he has devotedly served My devotee.

(41) bhakta-rupam aham dhrtva, bhaktajna-paripalakah;
mat-paran uddharisyami, ghora-samsara-sagarat.

"'To fulfill & maintain My devotees' (Advaita Acarya's) request, I will accept the form of a devotee in Kali-yuga and I will deliver My surrendered devotees from the terrible ocean of repeated birth and death.
(42) tilakancita-bhalah sri-tulasi-kanthikasritah;
sankha-cakra-lasad-bahu-mulah kaupinah vasasah.

"'In that form of a devotee, My forehead will be decorated with tilaka, My neck with tulasi beads, and My hands will be effulgent with the marks of a disc and conchshell etc. I will accept the dress and loincloth of a sannyasi.

(43) mad-bhakta vicarisyanti, kalau bhagavatottamah.

"'Alongwith Me, My topmost eternally liberated devotees will travel here & there and perform My work of inspiring all living entities to become devotees also.

(44) svarnadi-tiram asthaya, navadvipa-janalayah;
tatra dvija-kulam prapto, bhavisyami janalaye.

"'I will take birth in a brahmana family in Sri Navadvipa, and reside there by the Ganges' shore.

(45) bhakti-yoga-pradanaya, lokasyanugrahaya ca;
sannyasa-rupam asthaya, krsna-caitanya-nama-dhrk.

"'To show mercy to the people and award them the supreme gift of devotional service, I will become a sannyasi and I will be glorified by the name Sri Krsna Caitanya.

(46) anandasru-kala-purnah, pulakavali-vihvalah;
bhakti-yogam pradasyami, hari-kirtana-tat-parah.

"'Always eager and devoted to the loud chanting of the holy names of Lord Hari, My eyes will be always beautified & filled with tears of bliss and the hairs of My body will stand erect when I will be agitated by transcendental happiness. In this way, I will give to the people the supreme gift of the science of devotional service unto Lord Krsna.

(47) tenaiva sarva-lokanam, nistaro vai bhavisyati;
man-nama-smaranat kincit, kalau nasty eva vaidikam.

"'Simply by remembering My holy names even once, all the living entities in the universe will be delivered. I will exhibit this kind of compassion because in Kali-yuga it is not possible for anyone to strictly follow the path of the Vedas.

(48) mad-bhakta yatra gayanti, tatra tisthami niscitam;
tat svayam bhuvi bhakta vai, jayadhvam bhakti-tat-parah.

"'I always reside where My devotees sing My names and glories. So all of you demigods, please personally appear on the earth as My devotees and eagerly practice My devotional service.

(49) yena lokasya nistaras, tat kurudhvam mamajnaya;
dharitri bhavita cabhir, mayaiva dvija-dehinah.

"'By My order please act in such a way that all the people of the people will become delivered. Then I will personally accept the form of a brahmana and relieve the earth of all her fears by performing My pastimes.

(50) sadyas tatra sva-gopanam, santa tu kamalalaya;
namna gadadhara iti, vikhyato dharani-tale.

"'All the cowherd people of My highest abode of Vraja will also appear on the earth. She (Srimati Radharani), the original source and resting place of all the goddesses of fortune will be known on earth as Sri Gadadhara Pandita.

(51) balaramo mamaivamsah, so' pi mat-prstham esyati;
nityananda iti khyato nyasi-cudamanih ksitau

"'Lord Balarama, who is My first expansion and non-different from Me will also appear by My side as Lord Sri Nityananda. He will become the crest jewel of all renunciants on the earth.

(52) krtvavadhuta-vesam sa, dharman bhagavatan bahun;
grahayitva janan ittham grhinam asramam tatah.

"'Assuming the dress of an avadhuta, he will freely distribute bhagavata dharma i.e. love of God. He will distribute this pure love through various means and deliver all the living entities. He will do first as a brahmacari and later as a householder.

(53) jahnavy-adibhir atmanam, darsayisyati manavan.

"'Accompanied by His eternal consort Srimati Jahnavi-devi and many other intimate associates, He (Nityananda) will reveal his transcendental pastimes to the people.

(54) kamadeva iti gatva, dhruvanandeti samjnitah;
jahnavi-sisyatam etya lokan nistarayisyati

"'The demigod Kamadeva will appear as Dhruvananda. He will become a disciple of Srimati Jahnavi-devi and deliver many living entities.

(55) naicim tanum samasthaya, loka-siksartha-tat-parah
vikhyato hari-daso yo, mama bhaktim karisyati

"'To teach the whole world that low birth is not an obstacle for chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra, you (Brahma) will accept birth in a low-caste family. Your name will be Haridasa Thakura and you will most diligently engage in My pure devotional service.

(56) rudro' vatirya mad-bhaktim, srimad-advaita-samjnakah
grahiyisyati lokams ca, yatnat karunikah prabhuh

"'Lord Siva will incarnate as My great devotee and His name will be Srimad Advaita Acarya. Due to His unlimited compassion, He will give pure bhakti to each & everyone with great endeavour.

(57) naradah srinivaseti, ramanandeti tumburuh;
vikhyatim prapya mad-bhaktau, kurutam baktim avyaye.

"'Srila Narada Muni will become Srinivasa (also called as Srivasa Thakura) and Tumburu will become Srila Ramananda Raya. Both of them will become very famous due to their pure unalloyed devotional service unto Me.

(58) brhaspatir vasava-guruh, sarvabhaumo bhavisyati,
nanante vasinas tatra, sastrany adhyapayisyati.

"'Indra's guru Brhaspati will become Srila Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya. He will teach the ultimate truth of bhakti-yoga contained in various scriptures.

(59) punah siromanir bhutva, nyasadin prathayisyati.

"'Just like in the heavenly planets, he will again become the crest jewel of all learned teachers and deliver many people including even sannyasis.

(60) candro bhaved vardhamano, yas tu dayalutavadhih;
evam anye bhavisyanti, devah svamsena bharatah.

"'Many other demigods will also personally appear on the earth. As the moon increases day by day, so their mercy and virtues will increase unlimitedly by becoming My associates.

(61) tatraiva bhavita brahman vyasah kesava-bharatih
sannyasasyopadesena, bhavisyati gurur mama.

"'O Brahma, Vyasa will also appear as the sannyasi Sri Kesava Bharati. He will assist in My pastimes by becoming My sannyasa guru.

(62) indro' vatirya matiman, prthivyam prthivi-patih;
prataprudro vikhyato, mad-bhaktanam samasrayah

"'Indra will descend to the earth as the most powerful King of Orissa Prataprudra.
He will take shelter of My associates and achieve pure devotion unto Me.

(63) anye deva-ganah sarve, mad-bhaktah mat-parayanah,
kurvanti mamakim bhaktim, srnu brahman samahitah.

"'All the other demigods will also become My devotees and fully surrender unto Me.They will diligently engage in My devotional service. O Brahma, please hear this with great attention.

(64) sarve samagamisyamah, sva-sthanam punar acyutam;
prakasam mama devadyah, bhaktah krsna-parayanah.

"'After manifesting in this way as devotees of Lord Krsna to assist Me in My pastimes, the demigods and others will return to their respective abodes.

(65) idam ye srnuyan nityam, bhaktitah parikirtayet;
koti-janmar jitam papam, tat-ksanat tasya nasyati.

"'They who with devotion regularly or daily hear or recite these words of Mine, become instantly free from all the sins they have committed in ten million births.'"

(66) sri gautama uvaca

tato deva-ganah sarve, brahma loka-pitamahah;
pranamya deva-devesam, gantarah sva-puram yatha

Sri Gautama Muni said: "Accompanied by all the demigods, Lord Brahma, the grandfather of the worlds, bowed before Lord Krsna, the master of all the demigods and reurned to his own abode."

SAMHITAS

narayana-samhitayam

dvapariyair janair visnuh, pancaratrais tu kevalaih;
kalau tu nama-matrena, pujyate bhagavan harih.

In the Narayana-samhita it is said:

"In the Dvapara-yuga, people should worship Lord Visnu only by the regulative principles of the Narada-pancaratra and other such authorized books. In the Age of Kali, however, people should simply chant the holy names of the Supreme Personality of Godhead (who will personally appear to teach this yuga-dharma)."*

TANTRA

evam anga vidhim krtva, mantri dhyayed yathacyutam;
kalaya-kusuma-syamam, druta-hema-nibham tu va.

In the Tantras it is said:

O dear one, a person following the rules & regulations of the scriptures should meditate by the chanting of mantras on that infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appears in two forms: one dark like a kalaya flower (Krsna), and the other fair like molten gold (Gaura)."

urdhvamnaya-tantre

(1) sandhau krsno vibhuh pascad, devakyam vasudevatah;
kalau purandarat sacyam, gaura-rupo vibhuh smrtah.
In the Urdhvamnaya-tantra, the Supreme Lord declares:

"In the sandhya at the end of Dvapara-yuga, I appeared as the dark all-powerful Lord Krsna, the son of Vasudeva and Devaki. In Kali-yuga, however, I will appear as the golden all-powerful Lord Gaura, the transcendental son of Jagannatha Misra and."

(2) avataram imam krtva, jiva-nistara-hetuna;
kalau mayapurim gatva, bhavisyami saci-sutah.

"For the deliverance of the conditioned souls in Kali-yuga, I will incarnate in Sridhama Mayapura as the son of Srimati Sacidevi."

(3) kalau purandarat sacyah, gaura rupo vibhuh smrtah;
mahaprabhur iti khyatah, sarva lokaika pavanah.

"In Kali-yuga, the Supreme Lord will descend as the all-powerful Lord Gaura (golden form) as the son of Jagannatha Misra and Sacidevi. He will be known as Mahaprabhu and will purify the whole universe."

(4) vaivasvatantare brahman, ganga-tire su-punya-de;
hari-nama tada dattva, candalan haddikams tatha.

"O brahmana, I will descend on the sacred banks of the Ganges during the Vaivasvata-manvantara and I will even deliver the candalas (dog-eaters) and outcastes by awarding them My holy names."

(5) brahmanan ksatriyan vaisyan, sataso 'tha sahasrasah;
uddharisyamy aham tatra, tapta-svarna-kalevarah.
sannyasam ca karisyami, kancana-gramam asritah.

"At that time, I will also deliver hundreds and thousands of brahmanas, ksatriyas and vaisyas.
My form will as splendid as molten gold and I will go to Kancana-grama (Katwa) and accept the renounced order (sannyasa).

GAURA-GAYATRI MANTRA IS MENTIONED IN URDHVAMNAYA-TANTRA

(vi) 'klim gauraya namah' iti, sarva lokesu pujitah;
maya-ramananga-bijaih, vag-bijena ca pujitah

sadaksarah kitito 'yam, mantra-rajah sura-drumah

In the Urdhvamnaya-tantra, Srila Vyasadeva describes the six-syllable gaura-mantra to Srila Narada:

"This gaura-mantra (gauraya namah) is worshipped by all the people in the world by using the bija-mantras of Maya, Rama, Ananga and Sarasvati. I have chanted to you this the six-syllable gaura-mantra (klim gauraya namah), which is like a desire tree because it fulfills all our desires and grants us pure love for Krsna."

kapila-tantre (Ninth Patala)

(1) kvacit sapi krsnam aha, srnu mad-vacanam priya;
bhavata ca sahaikatmyam, icchami bhavitum prabho.

In the Kapila Tantra it is said:

"Then Srimati Radharani said to Lord Krsna: 'O my beloved Lord, please hear My words. I intensely desire to become one with You.'

(2) mama bhavanvitam rupam, hrdayahlada-karanam; parasparanga-madhya-stham, krida-kautuka-mangalam.

'Please show Me a form which is the personification of My love for You, which is greatly delightful to My heart, which is manifested by the transcendental union and Our two bodies and which is filled with auspicious and blissful pastimes.'

(3) paraspara-svabhavadhyam rupam ekam pradarsaya
srutva tu preyasi-vakyam parama-priti-sucakam

'Please show Me that form which is enriched by Our two natures.' In this way Lord Krsna heard these words which were spoken by His beloved with intense love.

(4) svecchayasid yatha purvam, utsahena jagad-guruh;
premalingana-yogena, hy acintya-sakti-yogatah.

Hearing this, the master of the universe Lord Krsna enthusiastically embraced Her. Then, by the arrangement of His inconceivable potency, . . .

(5) radha-bhava-kanti-yuktam, murtim ekam prakasayan;
svapne tu darsayam asa, radhikayai svayam prabhuh.

. . . Their two divine forms merged into one single splendid golden form of Krsna (Gauranga) endowed with the sentiment, love and golden complexion of His greatest devotee Srimati Radharani. This form was shown by Lord Krsna to Srimati Radhika in a dreamlike trance."

(6) jambudvipe kalau ghore, mayapure dvijalaye;
janitva parsadaih sardham, kirtanam prakatisyati.

In the Kapila Tantra, the Supreme Lord declares:

"In the horrible Kali-yuga, I will descend in a brahmana's home in Mayapura, in Jambudvipa. Assisted by My eternal associates, I will manifest the hari-nama-sankirtana movement."

krsna-yamale

(1) aham purno bhavisyami, yuga-sandhau visesatah;
mayapure navadvipe, varam ekam saci-sutah.

In the Krsna-yamala, the Supreme Lord confirms:

"During the first sandhya of Kali-yuga I will descend in My most complete and original form , in Mayapura in heart of Navadvipa as the divine son of Sacidevi."

(2) iti matva krpa-sindhur, amsena krpaya harih;
prasanno bhakta-rupena, kalav avatarisyati.

In the Krsna-yamala it is said:

"Thinking in this way, Lord Krsna, who is an ocean of mercy, mercifully decided to appear in Kali-yuga, in the form of His own blissful devotee along with all His parts or amsas (associates)."

(3) gaurango nada-gambhirah, sva-namamrta-lalasah;
dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavisyati saci-sutah.

"His limbs will be golden and His voice deep. He will increasingly hanker to taste the nectar of His own holy names and will be completely enchanted by it . He will be the most merciful son of Srimati Sacidevi.

(4) matva tan-mayam atmanam, pathan dvy-aksaram uccakaih;
gata-trapo madonmatta-gajavad viharisyati.

"Fully absorbed within Himself and loudly chanting the two syllables of His own holy name ('krs' and 'na' or 'ha' and 'ri'), the Lord will enjoy pastimes like a maddened elephant, becoming indifferent to public opinion."

(6) bhuvam prapte tu govinde, caitanyakhya bhavisyati;
amsena tatra yasyanti, tatra tat-purva-parsadah.
prthak prthan namadheyah, prayah purusa-murtayah.

"In this way Lord Govinda will descend as Lord Caitanya on this earth. His expansions and eternal associates will also descend with Him to this world and all of them will mostly assume male forms having many variegated names."

(7) punya-ksetre navadvipe, bhavisyati saci-sutah.

"In the most sacred of all holy places, Sri Navadvipa, the Supreme Lord will appear as the son of Sacidevi."

brahma-yamale

(1) athavaham dharadhame, bhutva mad-bhakta-rupa-dhrk;
mayayam ca bhavisyami, kalau sankirtanagame.

In the Brahma-yamala, the Supreme Lord declares:

"Sometimes I personally appear on the surface of the earth in the garb of My own devotee. In this form, I appear in Sri Mayapura in Kali-yuga to inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement."

(2) gaurangam gaura-diptangam, pathet stotram krtanjalih;
nanda-gopa-sutam caiva, namasyami gadagrajam.
In the Brahma-yamala it is also said:

"With great devotion and folded hands, one should recite the following prayer before Lord Gauranga, whose limbs are as effulgent as molten gold: 'I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krsna, the the son of the Nanda Maharaja and the elder brother of Gada.'"

(3) kalau prathama-sandhyayam, hari-nama-pradayakah;
bhavisyati navadvipe, saci-garbhe janardanah.

"In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, Lord Hari, who vanquishes the distress of His devotees, will appear in Sacidevi's womb in Navadvipa to freely distribute the nectar of His own holy names."

(4) jiva-nistaranarthaya, nama-vistaranaya ca;
yo hi krsnah sa caitanyo, manasa bhati sarvada.

"Let that form of Lord Caitanya, who is non-different from Lord Krsna, and who descends for delivering the conditioned souls and spreading the glories of His own holy names, always splendidly manifest in my mind."

(5) bhavisyami ca caitanyah, kalau sankirtanagame;
hari-nama-pradanena, lokan nistarayamy aham.

In Kali-yuga, I will appear as Sri Caitanya to inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.
By awarding the highest treasure of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra to the people, I will deliver all of them."

visvasara-tantre

(1) gangayah daksine bhage, navadvipe manorame;
kali-papa-vinasaya, saci-garbhe sanatani.

In the Visvasara Tantra, Lord Siva said to Candi:

"O eternal goddess, in order to destroy the sins of Kali-yuga, I will appear in the womb of Sacidevi, in the most beautiful Navadvipa, which is on the southern shore of the Ganges."

(2) janisyati priye misra-purandara-grhe svayam;
phalgune paurnamasyam ca, nisayam gaura-vigrahah.

"O beloved, on the most auspicious evening on the day of Purnima (full moon) in the month of Phalguna (February 18, 1486 A.D.), I will appear in a golden form in the home of Sri Jagannatha Misra."

kularnava-tantre

tatah kale ca samprapte, kalau ko 'pi maha-nidhih;
hari-nama-prakasaya, ganga-tire janisyati.

In the Kularnava Tantra, Lord Siva said to Parvati:

"At the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is a great treasure house of transcendental qualities, will take birth by the Ganges' shore in order manifest the chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra."

jaimini-bharate-asvamedha-parve (Chapter 32)

(1) bhakti-yoga-prakasaya, lokasyanugrahaya ca;
sannyasasramam asritya, krsna-caitanya-rupa-dhrk.
In the Jaimini-bharata, Asvamedha Parva, Chapter 32, Narada Muni tells Uddhava:

"To show mercy to the people by manifesting the science of His own devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will descend to the earth. He will accept the sannyasa-asrama and His name will be Sri Krsna Caitanya."

(2) In the Jaimini-bharata, Asvamedha Parva, Chapter 32, Lord Krsna tells Narada:

"Happily smiling, Lord Krsna told Narada: 'Rukmini just told Me about the glories of ecstatic love for My feet. Hearing her words I, even though I am the Supreme Lord Himself, have become ovewhelmed by the greatness of that love which My devotees possess for Me. I will thus personally taste the bliss of that ecstatic love and I will make the whole world taste it also. Assuming a humble nature by becoming My own devotee, I will manifest in the Kali-yuga. The Kali-yuga is horrible. It is filled with sins. Religion is not present in it. Therefore, becoming humble, I will teach the world. Speaking in this way, Lord Krsna manifested a most beautiful fair form splendid like gold, a form filled with ecstatic spiritual love, a form with a broad chest and two arms that touched His knees. Then He vowed: "In this form, I will widely distribute ecstatic spiritual love for Me.'"

(iii) anyavatara bahavah, sarve sadharana matah;
kalau krsnavataras tu, gudhah sannyasa-vesa-dhrk.

"Lord Krsna descends to the world in many different incarnations which only partially exhibit His potencies. However, in Kali-yuga, He directly appears Himself with His complete potencies in a hidden incarnation disguised as a sannyasi."

visnu-yamale

krsna-caitanya-namna ye, kirtayanti sakrn narah;
nanaparadha-muktas te, punanti sakalam jagat.

In theVisnu-yamala it is said:

"Those who chant the name Krsna Caitanya even once, become free from all offenses and purify all the worlds."

brahma-rahasye

krsna-caitanyeti nama, mukhyan mukhyatamam prabhoh;
helaya sakrd uccarya, sarva-nama-phalam labhet.

In the Brahma-rahasya it is said:

"The holy name Krsna Caitanya is the topmost even among all the important primary holy names of the Lord. By chanting this name just once, a person attains the results of chanting all the other holy names of the Lord."

yoga-vasisthe

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'sau mahi-tale;
bhagirathi-tate ramye, bhavisyati sanatanah.

In the Yoga-vasistha it is said:

"In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Gauranga will appear on this earth on the beautiful banks of the Ganges, in His eternal golden form."

visnu-sahasra-nama-stotre (Mahabharata, Dana-dharma)

suvarna-varno hemango, varangas candanangadi;
sannyasa-krc chamah santo, nistha-santi-parayanah.

In the Visnu-sahasra-nama-stotra it is said:

"In His early pastimes He appears as a householder with a golden complexion. His limbs are beautiful, and His body, smeared with the pulp of sandalwood, seems like molten gold. In His later pastimes He accepts the sannyasa order, and He is equipoised and peaceful. He is the highest abode of peace and devotion, for He silences the impersonalist nondevotees."

sri ananta-samhitayam

svarnadi-tiram asritya, navadvipe dvijalaye;
sampradatum bhakti-yogam, lokasyanugrahaya ca.

ananta-samhitayam - in the Ananta-samhita; svarnadi-tiram - on theshore of the Ganges; asritya - taking shelter; navadvipe - in Navadvipa; dvijalaye - in a brahmana's home; sampradatum - to give; bhakti-yogam - devotional service; lokasyanugrahaya - to give mercy to the people; ca - and.

In the Ananta-samhita

"To show mercy to the people and give them devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in a brahmana's home in Navadvipa by the Ganges' shore.

Text 51

sa eva bhagavan krsno, radhika-prana-vallabhah
srsty-adau sa jagannatho, gaura asin mahesvari

sa - He; eva - indeed; bhagavan - th4e Supreme Personality of Godhead; Krsnah - Lord Krsna; radhika-prana-vallabhah - more dear than life to Sri Radha; sarty-adau - in the beginning of creation; sa - He; jagannathah - the Lord of the universes; gaura - Gaura; asin - became; mahesvari - O Mahesvari.

"The Supreme Person, Sri Krsna Himself, who is the life of Sri Radharani, and is the Lord of the universe in creation, maintenance, and annihilation, appears as Gaura, O Mahesvari."*

Text 52

avatirno bhavisyami, kalau nija-ganaih saha;
saci-garbhe navadvipe, svardhuni-parivarite.

avatirnah - descended; bhaviryami - I will become; kalau - in Kali-yuga; nija-ganaih - My associates; saha - with; saci-garbhe - in Saci's womb; navadvipe - in Navadvipa; svardhuni-parivarite - surrounded by the Ganges. S

"In Kali-yuga I will descend to the earth with My associates. In Navadvipa, which is surrounded by the Ganges, I will take birth in Saci-devi's womb.

Texts 53 and 54

aprakasyam idam guhyam, na prakasyam bahir mukhe;
bhaktavataram bhaktakhyam, bhaktam bhakti-pradam svayam

man-maya-mohitah kecin, na jnasyanti bahir-mukhah;
jnasyanti mad-bhakti-yuktah, sadhavo nyasino 'malah.

aprakasyam - not to be revealed; idam - this; guhyam - secret; na - not; prakasyam - to be revealed; bahir-mukhe - external; bhaktavataram - the incarnation of a devotee; bhaktakhyam - known as a devotee; bhaktam - a devotee; bhakti-pradam - giving devotional service; svayam - personally; man-maya-mohitah - bewildered by My illusory pitency; kecin - some; na - not; jnasyanti - will understand; bahir-mukhah - external; jnasyanti - will understand; mad-bhakti-yuktah - engaged in My devotional service; sadhavah - saintly; nyasinah - renounced; amalah - pure.

"They who are bewildered by My illusory potency will not understand the great secret of the appearance in this world of Me in My personal form, in My form as the incarnation of a devotee, in My form bearing the name of a devotee, in My form as a devotee, and in My form as the giver of devotional service. This secret is not to be revealed to them. Only the saintly, pure, renounced devotees, diligently engaged in My devotional service, will be able to understand Me in these five forms.

Note: This verse, reminiscent of Caitanya-caritamata Adi 1.14, describes the panca-tattva.

Text 55

krsnavatara-kale yah, striyo ye purusah priyah;
kalau te 'vatarisyanti, sridama-subaladayah.

Krsnavatara-kale - at the time of Lord Krsna's incarnation; yah - who; striyah - women; ye - who; pururah - men; priyah - dear; kalau - in Kali-yuga; te - they; avatariryanti - will descend; sridama-subaladayah - headed by Sridama and Subala.

"My dear male and female associates, headed by Sridama and Subala, who came to this world at the time of My advent as Lord Krsna, will come again during the Kali-yuga.
S
Text 56

catuh-sasti-mahantas te, gopa dvadasa balakah;
dharma-samsthapanarthaya, viharisyami tair aham.

catuh-rarti-mahantah - 64 mahantas; te - they; gopa - gopas; dvadasa - 12; balakah - boys; dharma-samsthapanarthaya - to establish the4 truth of religion; vihariryami - I will enjoy pastimes; taih - with them; aham - I.

"The gopas will become the sixty-four mahantas and the twelve gopalas. To establish the truth of religion, I will enjoy many pastimes with them.

Text 57

kale nastam bhakti-patham, sthapayisyamy aham punah;
gacchantu bhuvi te putrah, jayantam bhakta-rupinah;
dharma-samsthapanam kale, kurvantu te mamajnaya.

kale - in time; nartam - destroyed; bhakti-patham - the poath of devotional service; sthapayiryami - will establish; aham - I; punah - again; gacchantu - should go; bhuvi - to the earth; te - they; putrah - sons; jayantam - should take birth; bhakta-rupinah - in the forms of devotees; dharma-samsthapanam - the establishment of religion; kale - at the time; kurvantu - should do; te - they; mama - My; ajnaya - by the order.

In this way I will again reveal the path of devotional service, which had been destroyed in the course of time. My sons should also descend to the earth, assume the forms of devotees, and, by My order, also work to re-establish the principles of true religion.

Text 58

krsnas caitanya-gaurango, gauracandrah saci-sutah;
prabhur gauro gaura-harir, namani bhakti-dani me.

Krsnah - Krsna; caitanya - Caitanya; gaurangah - Gauranga; gauracandrah - Gauracandra; saci-sutah - Sacisuta; prabhuh - Mahaprabhu; gaurah - Gaura; gaura-harih - Gaurahari; namani - names; bhakti-dani - giving devotional service; me - of Me.

At this time My names will be: Krsna Caitanya, Gauranga, Gauracandra, Sacisuta, Mahaprabhu, Gaura, and Gaurahari. Chanting these names will bring devotion to Me."
ananta-samhitayam 79

gauri sri-radhika devi, harih krsnah prakirtitah;
ekatvac ca tayoh saksad, iti gaura-harim viduh.

ananta-samhitayam - in the Ananta-samhita; gauri - fair; sri-radhika - Sri Radha; devi - Goddess; harih - Lord Hari; Krsnah - dark; prakirtitah - glorified; ekatvac - because of oneness; ca - and; tayoh - of Them both; sakrat - directly; iti - thus; gaura-harim - Gaurahari; viduh - is known.

In the Ananta-samhita it is said:

Fair Goddess Radha is known by the name Gauri and dark Lord Krsna is known by the name Hari. Aware that They both have combined in the form of Sri Caitanya, the the wise call Him Gaurahari."

Text 80

navadvipe ca sa krsna, adaya hrdaye svayam;
gajendra-gamanam radham, sada ramayate muda.

ananta-samhitayam - in the Ananta-samhita; navadvipe - in navadvipa; ca - and; sa - He; Krsna - Lord Krsna; adaya - taking; hadaye - in the heart; svayam - pwersonally; gajendra-gamanam - who is graceful like an elephant; radham - Sri Radha; sada - always; ramayate - delights; muda - happily.

In the Ananta-samhita it is also said:

Lord Krsna will appear in Navadvipa. Taking Her into His heart, Lord Krsna will again and again please Sri Radha, who is graceful like the best of elephants. S

Text 81

navadvipe tu tah sakhyo, bhakta-rupa-dharah priye;
ekangam sri-gaura-harim, sevante satatam muda.

navadvipe - in Navadvipa; tu - indeed; tah - them; sakhyah - the gopis; bhakta-rupa-dharah - in the forms of devotees; priye - O beloved; eka - one; angam - body; sri-gaura-harim - Sri Gaurahari; sevante - serve; satatam - always; muda - happily.

O beloved, assuming the forms of devotees, the gopis will also take birth in Navadvipa. With great happiness they will again and again serve Lord Gaurahari, who is Radha and Krsna combined in a single form.

Text 82

ya eva radhika-krsnah, sa eva gaura-vigrahah;
yac ca vrndavanam devi, navadvipam ca tat subham.

yah - who; eva - indeed; radhika-Krsnah - Radha and Krsna; sa - He; eva - indeed; gaura-vigrahah - a golden form; yat - which; ca - and; vandavanam - Vrndavana; devi - O goddess; navadvipam - navadvipa; ca - and; tat - that; subham - beauty.

O goddess, Radha and Krsna will combine to become a single golden form, and Vandavana will become beautiful Navadvipa.

Texts 83 and 84

vrndavane navadvipe, bheda-buddhis ca yo narah;
tam eva radhika-krsne, sri-gaurange paratmani.

mac-chala-pata-nirbhinna-dehah so 'pi naradhamah;
pacyate narake ghore, yavad ahuta-samplavam.

vandavane - in Vrndavana; navadvipe - in Navadvipa; bheda-buddhih - the idea of difference; ca - and; yah - who; narah - person; tam - that; eva - indeed; radhika-karne - in Radha and Krsna; sri-gaurange - in Lord Caitanya; paratmani - the Supreme Personality of Godhead; mat - my; sula - trident; pata - falling; nirbhinna - broken apart; dehah - body; so 'pi - he; naradhamah - the lowest of persons; pacyate - is cooked; narake - in hell; ghore - terrible; yavat - as long as; ahuta-samplavam - the flooding of water.

With my trident I will cut into pieces anyone who thinks that Vandavana and Navadvipa are different, or that Radha-Krsna and Lord Gauranga are different, or that Lord Gauranga is not the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such a person is most degraded. He will burn in a terrible hell until the time when the universe is flooded with water.

sri-mahadeva uvaca

In Sri Ananta-samhita, Part Two, Chapter Two entitled Sri Caitanya-janma-khanda, Lord Siva describes to Parvati:

Text 4

sri-mahadeva uvaca

aho 'ti-bhagyam tava saila-putri
radha-samam tvam hi jagada visnuh
sri-krsna-caitanya-kathasu kante
yogyasi krsnarpita-deha-buddhih

Text 5

yasyasti bhaktir vraja-raja-putre
sri-radhikayam ca hareh samayam
tasyasti caitanya-kathadhikaro
harer abhaktasya na vai kadacit

Text 6

ya adi-devo 'khila-loka-natho
yasmad idam sarvam abhut paratma
layam punar yasyati yatra cante
tam krsna-caitanyam avehi kante

Text 7

brahmeti yam veda-vido vadanti
vidvamsam adyam khalu kecid ahuh
isam tathanye jagad-eka-natham
pasyanti kecid purusottamam ca

Text 8

kecit karma-phalam prahuh, kecit ahuh pitamaham;
kecia yajnesvaram prahuh, sarvajnam apare jaguh.

Text 9

ya eva bhagavan krsno, radhika-prana-vallabhah;
srstyadau sa jagannatho, gaura asin mahesvari.

Text 10

kevalam suddha-caitanyam, tad evasid varanane;
tasmat tam krsna-caitanyam, pravadanti manisinah.

Text 11

adharasya krsih sabdo, nas ca visvasya vacakah;
visvadharam to yaa brahma, tad vai krsnam vidur budhah.

Text 12

vistaran me nigaditah, sruto yah krsna isvarah;
visvadau gaura-kantitvat, gaurangam vaisnavah viduh.

Text 13

na tada prakrtir devi, rajah-sattva-tamo-mayi;
yaya visrjyate visvam, uta kim mahad-adayah.

Text 14

paratmane namas tasmai, sarva-karana-hetave;
adi-devaya gauraya, sac-cid-ananda-rupine.

Text 36

koti-kalpar jitaih punyair, vaisnavah syan maha-mate;
tatah syad radhika-krsna-lilasu rucir uttama.

Text 37

syad yasya radhika-krsna-lilayam parama matih;
jivan-muktah sa vijneyah, pujyah syad daivatair api.

Text 38

vina sri-gopika-sangam, kalpa-koti-satam param;
sravanat kirtanad visnor, na radha-krsnam apnuyat.

Text 39

gopi-sangam na capnoti, sri-gaura-caranad rte;
tasmat tvam sarva-bhavena, sri-gauram bhaja sarvada.

Text 40

gauranga-caranambhoja-makaranda-madhuvratah;
sadhanena vina radham, krsnam prapsyanti niscitam.

Text 42

radhika-vallabhah krsno, bhaktanam priya-kamyaya;
srimad-gauranga-rupena, navadvipe virajate.

Text 43

gopi-bhava-pradanartham, bhagavan nanda-nandanah;
bhakta-vesa-dharah santo, dvi-bhujo gaura-vigrahah.

Text 44

ajanu-lambita-bhujas, caru-drk rucirananah;
krsneti mangalam nama, gayan uccair nijasya ca.

Text 45

gopi gopiti gopiti, japann eva kvacit kvacit;
kvacit sannyasa-krd devo, bibrad dandam kamandalum;
jivanam jnanadah kvapi, maha-bhavanvitah kvacit.

Text 46

evam virajamanam tam, sri-gaurangam dayacalam;
prapsyasy aradhya bhaktya tvam, radha-krsnau maha-vane.

gaurangam sac-cid-anandam, sarva-karana-karanam;
vaca gadgadayanantam, tustava dharani-dharah pg 55

sammohana-tantre

(1) gaura-tejo vina yas tu, syama-tejah samarcayet;
japed vadhyayate vapi, sa bhavet pataki sive.

In the Sammohana Tantra, Sri Gopala-sahasra-nama-stotra (17), it is said:

"O auspicious one, a person who worships, glorifies, or studies the dark splendor that is Lord Krsna, without first worshipping the fair splendor that is Sri Gaura, glides down to hell."

(2) mayapurim samasritya, kalau ye mam upasate
sarva-papa-vinirmuktas te yanti paramam gatim

"Those who worship Me (in form of Lord Caitanya) in Kali-yuga, taking shelter of Sri Mayapura-dhama, very quickly become free from all sins and attain My supreme abode at the end of their lives."

(3) yat tirtham vartate sriman, navadvipe vibhagasah;
tat-tirtha-mahima tatra, sata-koti-gunam kalau.

"In the age of Kali, the glories of all the great holy places in the universe are present hundreds and millions of times over in Sri Navadvipa (because the Lord incarnated there)."

(4) yatha cintamaneh sangat, dhatu-mulyam pravardhate;
gaura-sangat tatha tirtha-mahatmyam parivardhate.

"As a metal's value increases (it turns into gold) due to the touch of a cintamani jewel, so the glory of any holy place increases manifold with Lord Gaura's touch."

brhad-brahma-yamalakhye
tantre tat kathitam pura

kalau purnanandas tri-bhuvana-jayi gaura-sutanur
navadvipe jatah suradhuni-samipe naraharih
dadat papibhyah samstutam api harer nama sukrtam
taritva papabdhim bhuvi vijayate sri-gauracandrabhidhah

In ancient times in the Brhad-brahma-yamala Tantra it was said:

"All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Gauracandra, who appears in Kali-yuga as the personification of complete bliss. His beautiful form with the golden complexion is glorified throughout the three worlds. He appeared in Sri Navadvipa which is on the banks of the Ganges. He delivered the most fallen people of the world from the ocean of sins by freely distributing to them the treasure of the most sacred and glorious names of Lord Hari."

vande gauravataram kali-mala-mathanam sri-navadvipa-vasam
kanthe malam dadhanam sruti-yuga-vilasat-svarna-samsakta-gandam
keyurangada-divya-ratna-ghatitam bahu-dvaye bibhratam
bhaktebhyo dadatam malapaharanam-namapi sarvam hareh

I offer my repeated obeisances to the Gaura-avatara, who destroys the unlimited impurities of Kali-yuga, who resides in Sri Navadvipa, who wears an exquisite garland around His neck, whose cheeks are beautified by glistening golden earrings, who arms are adorned with spl endid jeweled keyura and angada armlets, and who awards His devotees the holy names of Lord Hari, which destroy all the impurities in their hearts.

sri garga-samhitayam

sri-baladeva uvaca

srimad-bhagavatam divyam, puranam vacanam tada;
gauranvayasya sampraptir, bhavisyati na samsayah.

In the Sri Garga-samhita, it is said:
The transcendental purana Srimad Bhagavatam says Lord Gauranga will appear in the future and of this there is no doubt.

Personalities

Sripada Madhvacarya predicts Hare Krishna Movement

 Sripada M adhvacharya (Brahma Sampradaya) predicted:
"The real knowledge of the difference between jiva and Sri Hari and
the service of Sri Hari will spread all over the world very shortly."
(Anu madhva vijaya - last chapter).

The Contemporary Madhva Sampradaya didnot spread beyond the boundaries of South India. So obviously it is the Hare Krishna Movement which propagated the pure teachings of Sripada Madhvacarya through out the whole world.

Sripada Ramanuja predicts Hare Krishna Movement

"There will come a race which will tread the Earth with raised
hands and vertical tilaka on their foreheads, who will chant the names
of Hari; this will destroy the influence of Kali." (Divyaprabhanda
1:10).

Sripada Ramanuja(Shri Sampradaya) predicted:
"The pure devotion to Sri Hari devoid of karma and jnana will grow and
grow like a banyan tree covering the whole world, teaching everyone
who takes shelter." (Prapannamrta tarpana - last chapter).

Well according to Navadvipa Dhama Mahatmya both the great acaryas have met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in thier Aprakat (Unmanifested) pastimes so they already knew about the Hare Krishna Movement.

Conclusion

 Sri Chaitanya' Mahaprabhu is indeed an incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. His incarnation was however a concealed one. These verses were always present, but by the inconceivable yoga-maya potency of the Lord, He covered His true identity even from the Vedic scholars and panditas.

All these verses were later excavated by his dear disciples the six goswamis of Vrindavan. They gave correct interpretations for the same. And only the pure devotees understood His actual identity.